how was the european hedgehog introduced


European hedgehog. It is a generally common and widely distributed species that can survive across a wide range of habitat types. The Handbook of New Zealand Mammals. Experimental removal of introduced hedgehogs improves wader nest success in the Western Isles, Scotland.

Predator traps. A hedgehog is any of the spiny mammals of the subfamily Erinaceinae , in the eulipotyphlan family Erinaceidae .



Undated. In: Global Invasive Species Database (GISD), Auckland, New Zealand: University of Auckland. Scottish Natural Heritage (SNH). Fun facts about Hedgehogs!

Hedgehogs use their



The short, stocky body is densely covered with spines except for the underside, legs, face, and ears.

The European hedgehog (Erinaceus europaeus), also known as the West European hedgehog or common hedgehog, is a hedgehog species found in Europe, from Iberia and Italy northwards into Scandinavia.
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Most species weigh under 700 grams (1.5 pounds), but the common western European hedgehog (Erinaceus europaeus) can grow to 1,100 grams.Body length is 14 to 30 cm (5.5 to 12 inches), and there is a stumpy and sparsely furred tail measuring 1 to 6 cm. 81-94. 2001. CAB Abstracts Data Mining.,http://www.snh.org.uk/scottish/wisles/waders/default.asp References Pathway Causes



Taxonomic Tree Bremen, Germany.©Calle Eklund/via Wikipedia - CC BY-SA 3.0http://www.iucnredlist.org/apps/redlist/details/144266/0

Contributors There are four main species of Erinaceus. Principal Source Birdlife International 2007b. Western European hedgehogs can curl into a ball by 11 days after birth. Home New Zealand Journal of Ecology 29: 29-35.Please consider upgrading your browser to the latest version or installing a new browser.

July 2010.Department of Conservation (DOC)., undated. CABI is a registered EU trademark. Peterborough: United Kingdom. The breeding biology of introduced hedgehogs (Erinaceus europaeus) on a Scottish Island: lessons for population control and bird conservation. Habitat List Biology and Ecology The range is all across Europe, throughout the Middle East, parts of Russia, and extending to northern China. Biological Conservation 117: 151-166.Moutou, F. 1983.



CABI, Undated a. CABI Compendium: Status as determined by CABI editor.

2001.

More information about modern web browsers can be found at In the Uist group in Scotland hedgehogs are live captured using a variety of methods (spot-lamping, live-trapping and searcing with dogs) and then released on the mainland (



Oxford University Press: 99-113.ISSG, 2011.





http://www.iucnredlist.org/apps/redlist/details/144083/0IUCN/SSC Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG)., 2010.

Global Invasive Species Database (GISD).



2007 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species Impact

The importance of the introduced hedgehog (Erinaceus europaeus) as a predator of the eggs of waders (Charadrii) on machair in South Uist, Scotland.

The face may be white, brownish, or exhibiting a masked pattern.

Pesticides should always be used in a lawful manner, consistent with the product's label.Jones, C., Moss, K. and Sanders, M. 2005. hedgehog - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up)

The front paws are powerful and adapted for digging while the hid paws are long and narrow.

Azalées Editions. 2000.

Journal of the Royal Society of New Zealand 31(1): 31-42. http://inpn.mnhn.fr/isb/servlet/ISBServlet?action=Espece&typeAction=10&pageReturn=ficheEspeceDescription.jsp&numero_taxon=60015Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG), 2011.

Present, no further details In areas where hedgehogs hCultivated / agricultural land